What is nanotechnology
Nanotechnology refers to all applications and techniques within the range of 1 nanometer (nm) to 100 nm. One nanometer (nm) is one billionth, or 10-9 of a meter. To put that scale in another context, the comparative size of a nanometer to a meter is the same as that of a marble to the size of the earth. Essentially, this is the engineering of functional systems at a molecular scale. When matter is developed within specified range, different properties can occur. Non-conducting substances become conducting, colored substances become transparent. More specifically, it concerns the development of functional systems on a molecular scale. The scope of the technology is enormously diverse as it can range from improvements in traditional physics to new approaches based on molecular self-assembly.
“Nanotechnology” products that are on the market today are mostly gradually improved products where some form of nanotechnology enabled material is used in the manufacturing process. There is an ongoing quest to improve existing products by creating smaller components and better performing materials, all at a lower cost. Evolutionary nanotechnology should be viewed as a process that gradually will affect most companies and industries.